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Male Breast Surgery (Gynecomastia)

Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) can be caused by a number of factors, including hormonal changes, genetics, diseases, and prescription or illicit drugs (such as marijuana). This condition cannot be eliminated through dieting or exercise. The majority of male breast surgery procedures are performed on men between the ages of 13 and 19. In some cases, techniques similar to liposuction are used to remove excess fatty tissue. Others may require surgical intervention, which ranges in complexity depending on the amount of excess breast tissue present.

Is Gynecomastia Surgery Right for Me?

Men with enlarged breasts may experience a host of feelings—including self-consciousness and humiliation. They may also avoid physical activities and intimacy in an effort to hide their condition. During your initial consultation, Dr. Dawes will perform a thorough evaluation of your chest. He will determine if you are a good candidate for gynecomastia surgery.

How Male Breast Surgery is Performed

Dr. Dawes usually performs male breast surgery on an outpatient basis. This surgery takes approximately one-and-a-half hours to complete, and is performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation. For excess fatty tissue, liposuction alone may be used. If there is excess skin that needs to be removed, excision techniques may be performed alone or in conjunction with liposuction.

During the liposuction procedure, an incision is made around the lower half of the nipple area. A cannula is inserted through the incision and moved back and forth in a controlled motion to dislodge excess fat. The fat is then suctioned from the body. Bandages are applied to the incisions; a compression garment may also be used to minimize swelling.

Recovery Expectations

You can expect moderate discomfort of the chest, which should gradually improve over 3-4 days. Swelling usually subsides after three weeks, but can occasionally persist longer. Bruising may occur, it will be worst at 3-4 days and may persist for up to three weeks. no heavy lifting or strenuous exercise of the upper body for four weeks. Full recovery can take about two to four weeks, and results are usually permanent.


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“My role, in part, is to assist patients through the process of determining which surgical or non-surgical options would help them meet their aesthetic goals and realistic expectations”

Jeffrey C. Dawes MD, FRSC

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102 - 47 Sunpark Drive SE
Calgary, AB T2X 3V4

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